Protecting At-Risk Adults
The Colorado Legislature recognizes that At-Risk Adults cannot protect
themselves as well as the general population. This population also may
suffer more long-term effects from crimes. Therefore Colorado law
(18-6.5-101-106) provides for more severe penalties for commission of abuse,
exploitation and neglect against this population.
To find out more about who is an at-risk adult and the classifications of
crimes against this population, click "Read more..." below.
Who is an adult at risk?
• Any person who is sixty years of age or older or
• Any person 17 years of age or younger and is a person with a
• Any person who is eighteen years of age or older and is a person
with a disability defined as:
• Impaired because of loss of or permanent loss of use of hand
or foot; blindness or permanent impairment of vision of both eyes
• Unable to walk, see, hear, or speak or
• Unable to breathe without mechanical assistance or
• Is developmentally disabled which means a disability that is
manifested before the person reaches twenty-two years of age, which
substantial disability to the affected individual, and
is attributed to mental retardation or related conditions which
include cerebral palsy, epilepsy,
autism, or other neurological
conditions in which such conditions result in impairment of general
intellectual functioning or adaptive behavior similar
to that of a
person with mental retardation
• Mentally ill - a person with a substantial disorder of the
cognitive, volitional or emotional processes that grossly impairs
judgment or capacity to
recognize reality or to control behavior
• Mentally impaired - a person with any mental or psychological
disorder such as developmental disability, organic brain syndrome,
or specific learning disability
• Is blind
• Is receiving care and treatment for developmental disability
Total disability - a physical or mental impairment which is
disabling and which because
of other factors such as age, training,
experience and social setting, substantially precludes the person
from engaging in a useful occupation as a
homemaker or as a wage
earner in any employment which exists in the community.
Crime Classifications (18-6.5-103 CRS)
Criminal negligence resulting in:
• Death Class 4 felony
• Serious Bodily Injury Class 5 felony
• Bodily Injury Class 6 felony
• Heat of passion Class 4 felony
• Others Class 2 felony
• Heat of passion Class 5 felony
• Others Class 3 felony
3rd degree Class 6
Robbery Class 3
• If force of threat or intimidation
• Value < $500 Class 5 felony
• Value > $500 Class 3 felony
• If no threat, force, intimidation Class 4 felony
• Resulting in death Class 4 felony
• Resulting in bodily injury Class 5 felony
Neglect or injuries to mental health Class 1 misdemeanor
Sexual Assault Class 2 felony
Unlawful Sexual contact if by physical force, threats or use of
drugs/intoxicants Class 3 felony
The "Wrongs to Adults-At-Risk" statute provides for procedures to make
criminal prosecution less of a hardship for the at-risk adult.
• Prosecutors may take video-tape deposition which can be used at
trial if the at-risk adult is medically unavailable.
• This statue gives precedence to court setting for these cases.
• Court may order defendant to pay for treatment and restitution.
If offender fails to pay restitution within 180 days, offender my have
Call Jan McKamy, Victim Intervention Specialist at 719-686-2509
for more information.